Pisa is commonly known as the city of the leaning tower: the peculiarity of this building, in fact, made her famous worldwide.
We propose a route to be traveled only on foot, starting from Piazza dei miracoli located a few meters from our hotel.
Piazza dei Miracoli decentralised location close to the historic centre of the city.
The area includes buildings built between the 11th and 14th century.
In the square you have the Cathedral of Santa Maria Maggiore (with the adjoining Bell Tower), the Baptistry and the Camposanto, which you can interpret symbolically as the three basic stages of human life: birth (the Baptistry), life (the Cathedral), death (the cemetery).
In addition to the Cathedral and the Bell Tower of considerable architectural importance are the Baptistry and the Camposanto. The construction of the baptistery in 1152 by architect Diotisalvi starts and ends only in the 14th century.
The exterior is based on the decorative scheme of the Cathedral, characterized the ground floor arcades surmounted by a series of arched loggias on columns.
This first phase of the construction stops at the end of the 12th century: the work resumed around the middle of the 13th century under the direction of Nicola Pisano, who, in collaboration with his son Giovanni (which will switch the direction of the yard after his father's death in 1284), introduces the wainscoting with pinnacles and Tabernacles accent cuspidated rayonnant.
In the Lunette of the portal was a large statue of Giovanni Pisano depicting the Madonna and child (now in the Museo dell'Opera and replaced on the spot by a copy).
Inside there is the pulpit by Nicola Pisano, signed and dated 1260, first certain work by the great artist to whom we owe the renewal of Italian sculpture in the Gothic age.
The cemetery, begun in 1277 by Giovanni di Simone (as mentioned in the inscription placed beside the right Portal), was completed only in the 14th century. It completes the Group of religious buildings of the square, enclosing the ancient cemetery.
Within the halls porches are preserved numerous sarcophagi, while in the floor are buried nobles pisani. Damaged by bombing in 1944, the cemetery still preserves frescoes by numerous artists including Gaddi, Aretino, Gozzoli and Buffalmacco.
Almost completely lost are the frescoes painted by Benozzo Gozzoli on the North wall of the churchyard, depicting stories from the old testament, of which only fragments are preserved but of which you can admire the beautiful sinopie preserved in the nearby Museum of the Sinopie of Pisa.
Around the square there are also the Museum of the Opera del Duomo-that hosts artistic exhibits of the Duomo and Baptistery-and the Museo delle Sinopie. You can buy combination tickets that allow you to enter in several places of the square (in the Cathedral you can enter for free with the purchase of an entrance only) among those mentioned above, except the leaning tower, which has a separate entrance.
A 3-minute walk from the square you will find the Botanical Garden, founded in 1543-1544 by Luca Ghini, naturalist, physician and botanist from Imola: it is the first University Botanical Garden in the world.
Originally built on the banks of the River Arno, was moved to its current location in 1591 and then gradually expanded to the current extension of 3 hectares. Of the original disposal today remain six large tubs of sandstone.
Houses plants of the 5 continents: the succulent of African deserts and Americans; aromatic plants of the Mediterranean; wetland species of Tuscany; numerous trees and many others.
PIAZZA DEI CAVALIERI E LUNGARNO MEDICEO
Hence the Piazza dei Cavalieri is really within walking distance is the square where there is the prestigious University Scuola Normale di Pisa, as well as the Palazzo Dell'Orologio, the one with the two towers, one made famous by Dante in his Divine Comedy, the Torre della Fame. Here, in fact, as stated in the work of Dante, was imprisoned and died-from starvation, in fact-the count Ugolino della Gherardesca and his sons and grandsons.
Going along Via Ulisse Dini and later Hamlet speaking one will come on the Lungarno mediceo, perhaps the most important and renowned for the presence of both Palazzo Medici, also known as Palazzo Vecchio (it was the residence of Cosimo de ' Medici and Lorenzo Il Magnifico's House) that the Church of San Matteo next to St. Matthew National Museum , which houses works by Italian artists of all time.
A few more steps and you reach the characteristic Borgo Stretto, a medieval lane with a series of arcades, antique stores and shops that always arouse some interest in both the usual passersby that tourists, mostly because it seems to belong to another dimension, a historic street that still preserves intact the atmosphere of yesteryear.
LUNGARNO GALILEI E PIAZZA VITTORIO EMANUELE
On the other side we find the Lungarno Galilei: Arno in Pisa — those roads along the River Arno, are popular among both residents and tourists of Pisa: meeting points and aggregate for the first with bars, restaurants and pubs, and pleasant and scenic stroll for seconds, which here can admire the city architecture of the city and historical footprint of buildings-also medieval source , then remodelled over the years and palaces that make up, in a sense, the artistic hub.
On the lungarno Galileo, after the Palazzo Lanfranchi, we find the Church of San Sepolcro by curious octagonal plan, created with the purpose of Church, shelter, hospital and convent dedicated to the Templars.
After driving around the lungarno Galileo, we come to the famous Loggia dei Banchi at imobocco of half bridge over the Arno River (the one where is played on the famous game of the bridge), a distinctive and impressive portico built by Buontalenti in the first years of the 17th century and used to house the wool and silk market (hence the name benches-stalls).
Along the way, Italy's most popular Course then Pisa, crowded with shops of all kinds, we arrive in Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, the administrative hub of the city, where a number of historic buildings overlook this square almost an amphitheatre and perimeter almost completely characterized by arcades full of shops and on foot.